RNA 3D Structure Prediction: (1) Assessing RNA 3D Structure Similarity from 2D Structure Similarity

Jaime E. Barreda DC[1] (jaimebarreda@universia.edu.pe)
Yoshimitsu Shigenobu[2] (shigenobu@translell.eco.tut.ac.jp)
Eiichiro Ichiishi[3] (ichiishi@niche.tohoku.ac.jp)
Carlos A. Del Carpio M.[1],[3] (cadcm@universia.edu.pe)

[1]Department of Biochemisty and Pharmacology, Program of Biotechnological Engineering, The Catholic University of Santa Maria, Umacollo s/n, Arequipa, Peru
[2]Department of Ecological Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology
[3]New Industry Creation Hatchery Center(NICHe), Tohoku University, Aoba, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8579, Japan


Computational techniques for 3D structure prediction of proteins, the holy grail of bioinformatics, have undergone major developments in recent years, geared by international cooperation and competition with CASP (Critical Assessment of Structure Prediction Techniques) like contests to improve and refine them. Although straightforward extrapolation of these methodologies for the prediction of the 3D structures of other similarly relevant bio macromolecules may not be too compelling due mostly to the intrinsic differences in constitution, nature, and function between them, the conceptual framework underlying most of those techniques applied to the development of similar computational techniques in structural biology can lead to efficient systems for prediction of the 3D structure of other bio-macromolecules. One of them is the development of rational methodologies to model RNA 3D structures from the sequence of nucleotides composing them. In this paper we establish the fundamentals of a methodology to thread a sequence of nucleotides into a set of 3D fragments extracted from a data base expressly developed for this purpose. The technique is based on a newly implemented algorithm for extraction of 3D fragments by comparison of secondary structures of RNA. The result is a highly efficient system to produce a set of fragments from which entire RNA structure for the given nucleotide sequence can be built.

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Japanese Society for Bioinformatics