Optimal Metabolic Regulation Using a Constraint-Based Model

William J. Riehl[1] (briehl@bu.edu)
Daniel Segrè[1,2] (dsegre@bu.edu)

[1] Graduate Program in Bioinformatics, Boston University, 44 Cummington St., Boston, Massachusetts, 02215, USA
[2] Departments of Biology and Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, 24 Cummington St., Boston, Massachusetts, 02215, USA


Abstract

Regulation of metabolic enzymes plays a crucial role in the maintenance of metabolic homeostasis, and in the capacity of living systems to undergo physiological adaptation under multiple environmental conditions. Metabolic regulation is achieved through a complex interplay of transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms, some of which have been experimentally characterized for specific pathways and organisms. Many of the details, however, including the values of most kinetic parameters, have proven difficult to elucidate. Hence, understanding the principles that underlie metabolic regulation strategies constitutes an ongoing challenge. In the context of genome-scale steady state models of metabolic networks, it has been shown that evolution may drive metabolic networks towards reaching computationally predictable optimal states, such as maximal growth capacity. Here we develop a new computational approach based on the hypothesis that the regulatory systems operating on metabolic networks have evolved towards an optimal architecture as well. Specifically, we hypothesize that the topology of metabolic regulation networks has been selected for optimally maintaining the system balanced around one or more steady states. Based on these hypotheses, we use methods related to flux balance analysis to construct a model of metabolic regulation based primarily on a metabolic network's topology, bypassing the requirement for the details of all kinetic parameters. This model predicts an optimal regulatory network of metabolic interactions that can resolve perturbations to a given steady state in a metabolic system. We explore the ability of the model to predict optimal regulatory responses in both a simple toy network and in a fragment of the well-described glycolysis pathway.

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Japanese Society for Bioinformatics